Map showing world distribution of the of Myrtaceae family (adapted from Heywood 1996).
Many tropical fruits such as guava (Psidium guajava), strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum), feijoa (Acca sellowiana), Suriname cherry (Eugenia uniflora), rose-apples (Syzygium spp.) and jabuticaba (Plinia cauliflora) are also myrtaceae, some still unknown to most Europeans. Also many species used in gardens can also be found in this plant family, such as the bottlebrushes (Callistemon spp.), paperbarks (Melaleuca spp.), pōhutukawa (Metrosideros spp.), tea trees (Leptospermum spp.) and also eucalypts and bloodwoods (Eucalyptus spp. and Corymbia spp.).
Flowers of myrtle (Myrtus communis), the only European mirtaceae and flowers of a species of rose-apple (Syzygium paniculatum), from Australia (above). Flowers of guava (Psidium guajava), and feijoa (Acca sellowiana), both originating in South America (below).
Flowers of Tasmanian blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus) and Brisbane boxwood (Lophostemon confertus), both from Australia (above). Flowers of a New Zealand tea tree (Leptospermum scoparium) and pōhutukawa (Metrosideros excels) from New Zealand (below).
Fruits from the two Mirtaceae subfamilies. Capsules from Leptospermoideae, Tasmanian blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus) and bottlebrushes (Callistemon lanceolatus, above). Berries from Myrtoideae, strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum) and jabuticaba (Plinia cauliflora, below).